is the third most important city in Syria. It lies 160km to the north of
Damascus. Like Petra and Palmyra, Homs was an Arab emirate in the 2nd
century B.C. It was also the third station on the
“Silk route” after Doura Europos and Palmyra. It still retains this position of importance today, as the oil pipelines pass through the city. Unfortunately, many buildings and citadels in Homs were destroyed by ancient earthquakes.
There remains only one citadel in the south of the city with its Damascus and Palmyra gates. This historical city produced many impressive personalities.
Khaled Ibn Al-Walid Mosque
|Bassianos (an emir of Homs), through his daughter's marriage to the Roman emperor, Septimium Severus, who ruled Rome from 193 to 211, sired three rulers, Caracalla, Heliogabalus and Alexander Severus.|
|The city was the birthplace of the famous Syrian philosopher,
Longenius, counsellor to Queen Zenobia, and of the famous physician,
Among the most significant historic constructions remaining in Homs is the mosque of Khaled ibn al-Walid, the great commander of the Muslim Arab armies. Two very tall white-stone minarets lend lightness to the imposing structure. The slender colonnade in black and white stone in horizontal rows is representative of traditional Syrian architecture.
Many churches still stand in Homs from the days of early Christianity
in Syria. One of these churches is said to possess the girdle of the
Blessed Virgin. The church of
(ALEPPO - DAMASCUS - LATAKIA - PALMYRA - HAMA - ZABADANI)
(BOSRA - BANYAS - TARTUS - ARWAD)
EGYPT - LEBANON - JORDAN
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